India (full name: Republic of India) (in Hindi भारत (Bhārat) and भारत गणराज्य (Bhārat Gaṇarājya)) is the second most populous country in the world, with over 1.2 billion people, and the seventh largest country in terms of size. It is situated in South Asia and is bounded by the Indian Ocean.
In 2015, the Indian economy was the seventh largest in the world by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. India has become one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare.
India is a federal republic governed by a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
India was part of the British Empire until 1947 when, after years of protest, the non-violence movement led by the Mahatma Gandhi (created after WWI) succeeded and India became independent (15 August 1947). However, despite becoming independent, it was split into two countries: India and Pakistan.
India has always fascinated people from all over the world for its landscapes, wildlife and atmosphere. But what people seem to be most fond of is the Indian culture. (more…)